How Xi changed China

How Xi changed China

When Chinese leader Xi Jinping came to power in 2012, he revealed a far-reaching vision for The country’s “major revival” is a “dream” of making China powerful and prosperous.

Ten years later, Xi changed China. How Xi changed China He has united the country as a force on the world stage with a wide economic footprint. modern military and increased technological capabilities.

But China has become a more restricted place for its citizens. with the rapid suppression of dissidents widespread surveillance and increased social control This is even more pronounced under the color’s expensive and isolated COVID-free policy.

With the Communist Party of China in the midst of a five-year leadership change, CNN looks back on a decade of China’s massive transformation that marked the start of the country’s next chapter, as Xi, the most powerful leader in decades. step in Third term that breaks the expected norm.

power to party

Xi has overseen a broader anti-corruption campaign within the Communist Party to seize his power. Critics call this a political sweep. But the drive appears to be publicly supported in a crackdown on excessive culture and corruption among “tigers” – high-ranking officials – and “flies” – lower-ranking practitioners.

Officials have been investigating since the 18th Party Congress at the end of 2012, when Xi Jinping came to power.

Among them were high-ranking officials.

Source: Central Committee for Disciplinary Examination of NCPO (2022)

Credits (top right): Ng Han Guan/AP, Kevin Frayer/Getty Images, Noel Celis/AFP/Getty Images, Ng Han Guan/AP, Nicolas Asfouri/AFP/Getty Images.

Credits (clockwise from top left): Ng Han Guan/AP, Kevin Frayer/Getty Images, Nicolas Asfouri/AFP/Getty Images, Noel Celis/AFP/Getty Images, Ng Han Guan/AP.

Xi has also built a cult of personality around him as the “core” of the party and strengthening its role in all areas of life.

Beijing human rights record uncompromising foreign policy Dealing with COVID-19 And its close ties with Moscow are among the factors that undermine China’s perception of the West. and the relationship with the government there.

“general prosperity”

turning china into The “moderately prosperous society” was the cornerstone of Xi’s decades of power. “absolute poverty” in rural areas.

In the early years, private companies have grown without hindrances. And the consumer technology revolution has blossomed. It adds convenience to everyday life for the growing middle class. As China shifts from an industrial hub to a high-tech service and economy.

Actors hold red balloons during the filming of a Communist Party of China propaganda video in the upscale shopping district of Sanlitun in Beijing in 2021. Credit: Thomas Peter/Reuters.

in the past few years Xi has issued tougher regulations to curb debt. property speculation and financial risks At the same time increasing Communist Party control within the economy, his “common prosperity” vision of narrowing the wealth gap and a broader campaign to control powerful companies. It appears to signal the end of the era of independent private enterprises.

Some of these movements along with the Covid-free policy. contributed to higher unemployment and dragging China’s already slow growth.


Rural residents are not below standards. China’s “true poverty” since 2012.


Internet users in China as of June 2022, up from 564 million in 2012.

kilometers (about 20,000 miles) added to China’s high-speed rail network since late 2012

$ Trillion

Estimated market value loss for Chinese companies worldwide at the peak of China’s crackdown on NGOs in 2021.

Source: China State Council Information Office China Internet Network Information Center Xinhua News Agency and Goldman Sachs.

the end of one child policy

Falling birth rates – and the economic risks of an aging society and declining labor force – have driven China to overhaul limited contraception for decades. By ending its one-child policy in 2015, the demographic crisis continued, and by 2021, China relaxed further rules. family with three children.

But for many young people struggling with unattainable house prices. long working day and challenging job market The government’s push for marriage and children remains uninteresting. Especially for women who continue to bear the burden of raising children due to ingrained gender norms.

“We are the last generation.”

The slogan accepted by the Chinese people

uncomfortable oppose

Xi has overseen a massive crackdown on civil society. This has choked the already limited sector by targeting or imprisoning human rights lawyers, academics, journalists, feminists and activists. Xi’s era also includes broader efforts to curb all forms of conflict and Support data control including online surveillance and censorship.

During the so-called “709” crackdown in 2015, about 300 lawyers and human rights activists were gathered for questioning. According to the observation group Some were later sentenced to prison. This is a state-sponsored attack on civil rights in China.

I will continue to defend Wang Quanzhang’s rights. I will take care of our children and wait for Wang Quanzhang to return home.”

Li Wenzu, wife of Wang Quanzhang, a prominent human rights lawyer who was detained during the 709 crackdown in 2019, said Wang, who was formally convicted by a Chinese court that year. released from prison in 2020
Li Wenzu, whose husband was imprisoned during the 709 crackdown, protested over shaving his head in Beijing in December 2018. credit: Fred Doufour/AFP/Getty Images.

technology power plant and digital surveillance

Xi called innovation a “The spirit that drives the progress of the country” and increases funding for research. At the same time, it oversees China’s push to be a leader in advanced technology. From space to quantum computers and AI to green energy.

China’s high-tech talent also has another focus: tracking the public through large-scale video surveillance installations and biometric data collection. which is an escalating effort to combat COVID-19.

from today onwards The main mission of the Communist Party of China is to lead Chinese people of all ethnic groups with a concerted effort. to advance the Chinese nation in all aspects through the China path to modernity.”

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